Ion implantation has a number of benefits, including:
- Surface hardening of the material, thus making it very resistant to wear, particularly adhesive wear;
- Reduced friction, which reduces seizure;
- Increased fatigue limit by up to 30%;
- Surface treatment with no rise in temperature (cold metallurgy);
- No geometric distortion;
- Preservation of the state of the surface (e.g., super finishing) and its mechanical characteristics (e.g., low temperature tempered steel);
- No peeling (it is not a coating); and
- Greatly improved resistance to corrosion.
The process is carried out locally and on pieces that are already fully machined, and
can be applied to metals, polymers or elastomers.
High added value mechanical plastic and metallic parts.
- Medical devices: rings
- Medical prostheses: artificial cartilage
- Medical prostheses: knees, shoulders, fingers, dental implants
- Mechanical parts: rings, friction parts
- Polymers: silicones, polyethylene, etc.
- Metals: titanium alloys, aluminium alloys, steels, precious metals such as gold, etc.
Ion implantation is the process of bombarding selected ions in a vacuum chamber (< 10-4 mbar) onto the surface of a material with an energy ranging industrially from 50 to 200 KeV. Ions penetrate the surface of the material violently and then stop and lose their energy, following cascades of collisions with atoms.
Conducted at low temperature (< 100°C/210°F) in a vacuum chamber, the cold plasma process modifies the structure of the material at a depth of a fraction of a micron, without adding an extra layer (it is not a coating process).
Bodycote has two types of ion implantation equipment:
- Direct: nitrogen, argon and ion gas in general
- Multi-ions: all types of ions (metals, complexes)